The population of the island is 13.600 inhabitants (according to the census of 2001) who live in 13 villages. The capital is called Thira and the main harbour of the town is called Athinios.
The present-day crescent shape of the island is a consequence of the activity of the volcano in prehistoric times. The island itself owes its very existence to the volcano. The last huge eruption of the volcano dates back 3,600 years, in the late bronze age.
Santorini produces excellent dry white wines (a wide choice of over sixty local brands), dry red wine (in very small quantities) and sweet dessert wines (vinsanto). Do not neglect to try them at the restaurants, the local wineries, the coffee shops and the bars of the island.